Psychological Stress: A Predisposing and Exacerbating Factor in Periodontitis
AuthorSpector, Anna M.
Postolache, Teodor T.
Scott, Alison J.
Reynolds, Mark A.
JournalCurrent Oral Health Reports
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media B.V.
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractPurpose of Review: This review focuses on recent advances in our understanding of the interactions between psychological stress, the immune system, and periodontitis, including the dynamic role of host stress responses in altering immune function, altering the oral microbiome and biofilm formation, and promoting local and systemic disease progression. Recent Findings: Within the context of periodontal health and disease, stress leads to an impairment of effective antimicrobial defense, shifts in oral microbiome profiles toward more pathogenic gene expression and taxa composition, increased translocation, and biofilm formation. The link between stress and periodontitis is multiform and includes hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis and catecholamine activation, production of immune mediators of inflammation and, clinically, syndromes of depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders, and sleep-wake disorders. Summary: Psychological stress appears to be an important modifiable risk factor for the development and progression of periodontitis and other periodontal diseases. © 2020, The Author(s).
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/14742