Distracting stimuli evoke ventral tegmental area responses in rats during ongoing saccharin consumption
JournalEuropean Journal of Neuroscience
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractA number of neurodegenerative diseases including prion diseases, tauopathies and synu-cleinopathies exhibit multiple clinical phenotypes. A diversity of clinical phenotypes has been attributed to the ability of amyloidogenic proteins associated with a particular disease to acquire multiple, conformationally distinct, self-replicating states referred to as strains. Structural diversity of strains formed by tau, α-synuclein or prion proteins has been well documented. However, the question how different strains formed by the same protein elicit different clinical phenotypes remains poorly understood. The current article reviews emerging evidence suggesting that posttranslational modifications are important players in defining strain-specific structures and disease phenotypes. This article put forward a new hypothesis referred to as substrate selection hypothesis, according to which individual strains selectively recruit protein isoforms with a subset of posttranslational modifications that fit into strain-specific structures. Moreover, it is proposed that as a result of selective recruitment, strain-specific patterns of posttranslational modifications are formed, giving rise to unique disease phenotypes. Future studies should define whether cell-, region-and age-specific differences in metabolism of posttranslational modifications play a causative role in dictating strain identity and structural diversity of strains of sporadic origin. © 2021 by the author.
SponsorsUniversity of Leicester
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/14507
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