Integrated analysis of microRNA and mRNA expression profiles in Crassostrea gigas to reveal functional miRNA and miRNA-targets regulating shell pigmentation.
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AbstractMicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate post-transcription gene expression by targeting genes and play crucial roles in diverse biological processes involving body color formation. However, miRNAs and miRNA-targets underlying shell color polymorphism remain largely unknown in mollusca. Using four shell colors full-sib families of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, we systematically identified miRNAs and miRNA-targets in the mantles, which organ could produce white, golden, black or partially pigmented shell. RNA sequencing and analysis identified a total of 53 known miRNA and 91 novel miRNAs, 47 of which were detected to differentially express among six pairwise groups. By integrating miRNA and mRNA expression profiles, a total of 870 genes were predicted as targets of differentially expressed miRNAs, mainly involving in biomineralization and pigmentation through functional enrichment. Furthermore, a total of four miRNAs and their target mRNAs were predicted to involve in synthesis of melanin, carotenoid or tetrapyrrole. Of them, lgi-miR-317 and its targets peroxidase and lncRNA TCONS_00951105 are implicated in acting as the competing endogenous RNA to regulate melanogenesis. Our studies revealed the systematic characterization of miRNAs profiles expressed in oyster mantle, which might facilitate understanding the intricate molecular regulation of shell color polymorphism and provide new insights into breeding research in oyster.
SponsorsThis study was supported by Grants from National Natural Science Foundation of China (31972789 and 31772843), Shandong Province (2017LZGC009), and the Ocean University of China-Auburn University Joint Research Center for Aquaculture and Environmental Science.
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/14157
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