Insulin secretion by β-cell-like cells derived from pulp stem cells depends on augmented cytosolic zinc levels than gaba levels
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
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AbstractBackground: Stem cells harvested from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) are pluripotent and can be differentiated into insulin-secreting β-cells, i.e., SHED β-cells. Previously, we showed that zinc upregulates insulin secretion from SHED β-cells, potentially providing an extra source for insulin. Rationale: In this study, we determined the role of ionotropic γ-aminobutyric acid A (GABAA) receptor in zinc-enhanced insulin secretion from SHED β-cells. Autocrine/paracrine activation of GABAA receptors by GABA elevates calcium influx in pancreatic β-cells, in which intracellular chloride is maintained at high levels. Method and Findings: Differentiating SHED into SHED β-cells resulted in an increase in the expression of GABAA receptor subunits and Zrt-/irt-like protein3 (ZIP3), a zinc uptake transporter. Zinc pretreatment elevated the insulin gene transcription, whereas knockdown of ZIP3 reduced levels of intracellular zinc, and concomitantly reduced insulin secretion by SHED β-cells. Zinc-pretreated SHED β-cells exhibited a GABA-induced increase in Ca2+ influx, detected with a ratiometric calcium-sensitive dye, suggesting zinc-mediated regulation of GABAA receptors. Conclusion: Our results indicate that elevated levels of zinc and GABAA receptors are indispensable for efficient insulin secretion by SHED β-cells. These findings suggest an opportunity for using SHED β-cells for treating diabetes. © 2020 by the authors.
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/14027