The Arginine Deiminase Pathway Impacts Antibiotic Tolerance during Biofilm-Mediated Streptococcus pyogenes Infections
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
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AbstractBacterial biofilms are responsible for a variety of serious human infections and are notoriously difficult to treat due to their recalcitrance to antibiotics. Further work is necessary to elicit a full understanding of the mechanism of this antibiotic tolerance. The arginine deiminase (ADI) pathway is responsible for bacterial pH maintenance and is highly expressed during biofilm growth in multiple bacterial species. Using the group A Streptococcus (GAS) as a model human pathogen, the ADI pathway was demonstrated to contribute to biofilm growth. The inability of antibiotics to reduce GAS populations when in a biofilm was demonstrated by in vitro studies and a novel animal model of nasopharyngeal infection. However, disruption of the ADI pathway returned GAS biofilms to planktonic levels of antibiotic sensitivity, suggesting the ADI pathway is influential in biofilm-related antibiotic treatment failure and provides a new strategic target for the treatment of biofilm infections in GAS and potentially numerous other bacterial species. IMPORTANCE: Biofilm-mediated bacterial infections are a major threat to human health because of their recalcitrance to antibiotic treatment. Through the study of Streptococcus pyogenes, a significant human pathogen that is known to form antibiotic-tolerant biofilms, we demonstrated the role that a bacterial pathway known for responding to acid stress plays in biofilm growth and antibiotic tolerance. This not only provides some insight into antibiotic treatment failure in S. pyogenes infections but also, given the widespread nature of this pathway, provides a potentially broad target for antibiofilm therapies. This discovery has the potential to impact the treatment of many different types of recalcitrant biofilm infections. Copyright 2020 Freiberg et al.
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85087716938&doi=10.1128%2fmBio.00919-20&partnerID=40&md5=46490e534e167c64e535a69769d561ad; http://hdl.handle.net/10713/13369