Understanding the Role of Small Ankryin 1 in Calicum Regulation in Excitable Cells
AdvisorBloch, Robert J.
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AbstractSmall Ankryin 1 (sAnk1) is a 17kD transmembrane protein that plays a role in stabilizing the network sarcoplasmic reticulum in skeletal muscle (Ackermann et al., 2011). Recent studies have shown that sAnk1 can bind to and regulate sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase1 (SERCA1) activity (Desmond et al., 2015). SERCA1 transports Ca2+ against its gradient into the SR after muscle contraction. SERCA is inhibited by sarcolipin (SLN) in fast twitch skeletal muscle and atrial cardiac muscle and by phospholamban (PLN) in slow twitch muscle and ventricular cardiac muscle. Like SLN and PLN, sAnk1 also interacts with SERCA at least in part through its transmembrane domain (Asahi et al., 2003; Hutter et al., 2002; Desmond et al., 2015). The interaction of SERCA with SLN and PLN has been studied individually and together, but the effects of sAnk1 and its regulatory activity have only recently started to be addressed (Desmond et al., 2015, 2017). Here I show that sAnk1 can interact with PLN or SLN independently of SERCA1. sAnk1 forms a three-way complex with SLN and SERCA1 that ablates SLN inhibition (Desmond et al., 2017). sAnk1 can also form a three-way complex with PLN and SERCA1 that abolishes all inhibition. I show that the complexes that sAnk1 forms with SLN or PLN and SERCA1 are distinct, suggesting unique roles for each protein in SERCA regulation. I also examined sAnk1 and SERCA in several CNS tissues, and found that sAnk1 is not expressed in neurons, but that it is expressed in astrocytes, where it has the potential to bind and regulate SERCA2B. Studying the multi-protein complex of SERCA, sAnk1, SLN, and/or PLN can help us better understand physiological SERCA regulation. This knowledge can lead to better treatment for diseases related to misregulation of calcium, including muscular dystrophies and potentially some neuropathies.
University of Maryland at Baltimore