Sorting nexin 1 loss results in increased oxidative stress and hypertension
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons Inc.
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AbstractAcute renal depletion of sorting nexin 1 (SNX1) in mice results in blunted natriuretic response and hypertension due to impaired dopamine D5 receptor (D5R) activity. We elucidated the molecular mechanisms for these phenotypes in Snx1−/− mice. These mice had increased renal expressions of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R), NADPH oxidase (NOX) subunits, D5R, and NaCl cotransporter. Basal reactive oxygen species (ROS), NOX activity, and blood pressure (BP) were also higher in Snx1-/- mice, which were normalized by apocynin, a drug that prevents NOX assembly. Renal proximal tubule (RPT) cells from hypertensive (HT) Euro-American males had deficient SNX1 activity, impaired D5R endocytosis, and increased ROS compared with cells from normotensive (NT) Euro-American males. siRNA-mediated depletion of SNX1 in RPT cells from NT subjects led to a blunting of D5R agonist-induced increase in cAMP production and decrease in Na+ transport, effects that were normalized by over-expression of SNX1. Among HT African-Americans, three of the 12 single nucleotide polymorphisms interrogated for the SNX1 gene were associated with a decrease in systolic BP in response to hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). The results illustrate a new paradigm for the development of hypertension and imply that the trafficking protein SNX1 may be a crucial determinant for hypertension and response to antihypertensive therapy.
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85083438370&doi=10.1096%2ffj.201902448R&partnerID=40&md5=7530b33510198e2b38167577ba54468b; http://hdl.handle.net/10713/12656