Other TitlesThe Crawford Historical Collection
AbstractCollection description for the John Crawford Historical Collection held in the Health Sciences and Human Services Library at the University of Maryland, Baltimore. The write-up was originally used to describe the collection on the Historical Collections Website. Describes the contents of the collection as well as its provenance.
DescriptionThe Crawford Collection was purchased by the University of Maryland School of Medicine faculty after the death of John Crawford in 1813. The collection founded the library on campus. This write-up describes the collection, its history, and highlights valuable texts in the collection.
University of Maryland, Baltimore. Health Sciences and Human Services Library
University of Maryland, Baltimore
University of Maryland at Baltimore
University of Maryland, Baltimore. School of Medicine
Crawford, John, 1746-1813
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/12503
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Perceptions of neighborhood collective efficacy moderate the impact of maltreatment on aggressionYonas, M.A.; Lewis, T.; Hussey, J.M.; Thompson, R.; Newton, R.; English, D.; Dubowitz, H. (SAGE Publications Inc., 2010)This study examined the moderating influence of positive neighborhood factors such as social cohesion and informal social control (collective efficacy), on the relationship between child maltreatment and aggressive behavior at age 12. Caregiver (N = 861) and youth (N = 823) dyads were interviewed when youth were aged 12 as part of a longitudinal study of child abuse and neglect (LONGSCAN). Caregivers and youth provided reports of youth externalizing behaviors while caregivers provided perceptions of collective efficacy. Child Protective Services records and youth's self-report of abuse experiences provided information on history of maltreatment. Multivariate analyses examined the moderating effect of collective efficacy on the influence of child abuse and neglect on youth externalizing behaviors. Neighborhood factors did moderate the association between earlier neglect and aggression at age 12, such that youth who experienced neglect, but not abuse, had lower externalizing scores in neighborhoods with higher levels of collective efficacy. Neighborhood-level factors such as collective efficacy should be considered as protective in preventing externalizing behaviors for youth who have experienced maltreatment. Copyright 2010 The Author(s).
Comparison of 3 Data Collection Methods for Gathering Sensitive and Less Sensitive InformationKim, J.; Dubowitz, H.; Hudson-Martin, E.; Lane, W. (Elsevier, 2008)Objective: When gathering sensitive information about personal experiences such as child abuse, drug and alcohol use, and intimate partner violence (IPV), it is especially important for both research and clinical purposes to use optimal methods to limit socially desirable responses. The purpose of this paper is to determine which of the following 3 methods is optimal for gathering data: 1) face-to-face interviews, 2) self-administered paper and pencil questionnaires, or 3) audio computer-assisted self-interviews (ACASI). Methods: The sample consisted of 514 parents bringing their preschoolers (0-5 years) to a pediatric primary care clinic for a checkup. The parent screening questionnaire (PSQ) addressing psychosocial problems was completed by participants themselves. Participants completed the PSQ in 1 of 3 ways: paper and pencil, face-to-face interview, or directly onto a computer (ACASI). Results: In general, ACASI yielded the highest rates for sensitive problems such as social isolation and parental stress, with face-to-face interviews occupying an intermediate position. The differences between ACASI and self-administered paper and pencil questionnaires were significant for many items. The differences between ACASI and face-to-face interviews, however, were modest. There were no significant group differences among the 3 methods in the prevalence rates of the neutral, less sensitive items. Conclusion: ACASI resulted in greater disclosure of sensitive information than did a paper and pencil approach. No significant differences were observed between the computer-assisted interview and the face-to-face interview, both done in a research setting. The 3 methods appeared similar when gathering less sensitive data. Copyright 2008 Academic Pediatric Association.
Medical Illustrators and Illustrations in the HS/HSL’s Historical CollectionsWink, Tara (2020-09-21)The Historical Collections Department in the HS/HSL houses the library’s rare books, special collections, and some UMB archives. Included in the rare book collection are works by influential and early anatomists and medical illustrators. The collections date back to the 15th century. This post highlights a selection of the medical illustrators in the digital archive and historical collections at UMB.