• Comparison of transgenic and adenovirus hACE2 mouse models for SARS-CoV-2 infection

      Rathnasinghe, Raveen; Strohmeier, Shirin; Amanat, Fatima; Gillespie, Virginia L; Krammer, Florian; García-Sastre, Adolfo; Coughlan, Lynda; Schotsaert, Michael; Uccellini, Melissa B (Springer Nature, 2020-11-06)
      Severe acute respiratory syndrome CoV-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is currently causing a worldwide pandemic with high morbidity and mortality. Development of animal models that recapitulate important aspects of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is critical for the evaluation of vaccines and antivirals, and understanding disease pathogenesis. SARS-CoV-2 has been shown to use the same entry receptor as SARS-CoV-1, human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (hACE2) [1-3]. Due to amino acid differences between murine and hACE2, inbred mouse strains fail to support high titer viral replication of SARS-CoV-2 virus. Therefore, a number of transgenic and knock-in mouse models, as well as viral vector-mediated hACE2 delivery systems have been developed. Here we compared the K18-hACE2 transgenic model to adenovirus-mediated delivery of hACE2 to the mouse lung. We show that K18-hACE2 mice replicate virus to high titers in the nasal turbinates, lung and brain, with high lethality, and cytokine/chemokine production. In contrast, adenovirus-mediated delivery results in viral replication to lower titers limited to the nasal turbinates and lung, and no clinical signs of infection. The K18-hACE2 model provides a stringent model for testing vaccines and antivirals, whereas the adenovirus delivery system has the flexibility to be used across multiple genetic backgrounds and modified mouse strains.
    • COVID-19 and the RAAS-a potential role for angiotensin II?

      Busse, L.W.; Chow, J.H.; McCurdy, M.T. (Springer Nature, 2020)