A CRISPR test for rapidly and sensitively detecting circulating EGFR mutations
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AbstractThe detection of EGFR mutations in circulating cell-free DNA can enable personalized therapy for cancer. The current techniques for detecting circulating EGFR mutations are expensive and time-consuming with moderate sensitivity. Emerging CRISPR is revolutionizing medical diagnostics and showing a great promise for nucleic acid detection. This study aims to develop CRISPR-Cas12a as a simple test to sensitively detect circulating EGFR mutations in plasma. Serially diluted samples of DNA containing heterozygous EGFR mutations (L858R and T790M) in wild-type genomic DNA are concurrently tested for the mutations by a CRISPR-Cas12a system and droplet digital PCR (ddPCR). The CRISPR-Cas12a system can detect both L858R and T790M with a limit of detection of 0.005% in less than three hours. ddPCR detects the mutations with a limit of detection of 0.05% for more than five hours. Plasma samples of 28 lung cancer patients and 20 cancer-free individuals are tested for the EGFR mutations by CRISPR-Cas12a system and ddPCR. The CRISPR-Cas12a system could detect L858R in plasma of two lung cancer patients whose tissue biopsies are positive for L858R, and one plasma sample of three lung cancer patients whose tissue biopsies are positive for T790M. ddPCR detects L858R in the same two plasm samples, however, does not detect T790M in any of the plasma samples. This proof of principle study demonstrates that the CRISPR-Cas12a system could rapidly and sensitively detect circulating EGFR mutations, and thus, has potential prognostic or therapeutic implications. Copyright 2020 by the authors.
SponsorsThis work was supported in part by the Geaton and JoAnn DeCesaris Family Foundation and University of Maryland Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Comprehensive Cancer Center Pilot Grant Program (F.J.).
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85081213709&doi=10.3390%2fdiagnostics10020114&partnerID=40&md5=7c683e1316041011d4c85c1de400ee08; http://hdl.handle.net/10713/12319