Modification of pore-wall in direct ink writing wollastonite scaffolds favorable for tuning biodegradation and mechanical stability and enhancing osteogenic capability
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons Inc.
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AbstractSurface chemistry and mechanical stability determine the osteogenic capability of bone implants. The development of high-strength bioactive scaffolds for in-situ repair of large bone defects is challenging because of the lack of satisfying biomaterials. In this study, highly bioactive Ca-silicate (CSi) bioceramic scaffolds were fabricated by additive manufacturing and then modified for pore-wall reinforcement. Pure CSi scaffolds were fabricated using a direct ink writing technique, and the pore-wall was modified with 0%, 6%, or 10% Mg-doped CSi slurry (CSi, CSi-Mg6, or CSi-Mg10) through electrostatic interaction. Modified CSi@CSi-Mg6 and CSi@CSi-Mg10 scaffolds with over 60% porosity demonstrated an appreciable compressive strength beyond 20 MPa, which was ~2-fold higher than that of pure CSi scaffolds. CSi-Mg6 and CSi-Mg10 coating layers were specifically favorable for retarding bio-dissolution and mechanical decay of scaffolds in vitro. In-vivo investigation of critical-size femoral bone defects repair revealed that CSi@CSi-Mg6 and CSi@CSi-Mg10 scaffolds displayed limited biodegradation, accelerated new bone ingrowth (4-12 weeks), and elicited a suitable mechanical response. In contrast, CSi scaffolds exhibited fast biodegradation and retarded new bone regeneration after 8 weeks. Thus, tailoring of the chemical composition of pore-wall struts of CSi scaffolds is beneficial for enhancing the biomechanical properties and bone repair efficacy.
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85081007152&doi=10.1096%2ffj.201903044R&partnerID=40&md5=1d6dd3b018e355980296246ef876e484; http://hdl.handle.net/10713/12245