Signature of adaptive evolution in olfactory receptor genes in Cory’s Shearwater supports molecular basis for smell in procellariiform seabirds
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AbstractOlfactory receptors (ORs), encoded by the largest vertebrate multigene family, enable the detection of thousands of unique odorants in the environment and consequently play a critical role in species survival. Here, we advance our knowledge of OR gene evolution in procellariiform seabirds, an avian group which relies on the sense of olfaction for critical ecological functions. We built a cosmid library of Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris borealis) genomic DNA, a model species for the study of olfaction-based navigation, and sequence OR gene-positive cosmid clones with a combination of sequencing technologies. We identified 220 OR open reading frames, 20 of which are full length, intact OR genes, and found a large ratio of partial and pseudogenes to intact OR genes (2:1), suggestive of a dynamic mode of evolution. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that while a few genes cluster with those of other sauropsid species in a γ (gamma) clade that predates the divergence of different avian lineages, most genes belong to an avian-specific γ-c clade, within which sequences cluster by species, suggesting frequent duplication and/or gene conversion events. We identified evidence of positive selection on full length γ-c clade genes. These patterns are consistent with a key role of adaptation in the functional diversification of olfactory receptor genes in a bird lineage that relies extensively on olfaction. Copyright 2020, The Author(s).
SponsorsThis work was financed by Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT), Portugal, through research project PTDC/ BIA-BDE/100118/2008. MCS was supported by a post-doctoral research fellowship SFRH/BPD/85700/2012 from FCT, Portugal. JCS and JBM were supported in part by NSF’s Dimensions of Biodiversity program grant OCE-1046371.
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85077976677&doi=10.1038%2fs41598-019-56950-6&partnerID=40&md5=641620908b155a566c3611f84522e23b; http://hdl.handle.net/10713/11995