• ZRANB3 is an African-specific type 2 diabetes locus associated with beta-cell mass and insulin response

      Zaghloul, Norann A.; Chen, Guanjie; Doumatey, Ayo P.; Hostelley, Timothy L.; Nesmith, Jessica E.; Zhou, Jie; Bentley, Amy R.; Shriner, Daniel; Leitch, Carmen C.; Adeyemo, Adelbowale A. (Nature Publishing Group, 2019-07-19)
      Genome analysis of diverse human populations has contributed to the identification of novel genomic loci for diseases of major clinical and public health impact. Here, we report a genome-wide analysis of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in sub-Saharan Africans, an understudied ancestral group. We analyze ~18 million autosomal SNPs in 5,231 individuals from Nigeria, Ghana and Kenya. We identify a previously-unreported genome-wide significant locus: ZRANB3 (Zinc Finger RANBP2-Type Containing 3, lead SNP p = 2.831 × 10−9). Knockdown or genomic knockout of the zebrafish ortholog results in reduction in pancreatic β-cell number which we demonstrate to be due to increased apoptosis in islets. siRNA transfection of murine Zranb3 in MIN6 β-cells results in impaired insulin secretion in response to high glucose, implicating Zranb3 in β-cell functional response to high glucose conditions. We also show transferability in our study of 32 established T2D loci. Our findings advance understanding of the genetics of T2D in non-European ancestry populations.