• Evaluation of a booster dose of pentavalent rotavirus vaccine coadministered with measles, yellow fever, and meningitis a Vaccines in 9-Month-old malian infants

      Tapia, Milagritos D.; Sow, Samba O.; Fitzpatrick, Meagan; Neuzil, Kathleen M.; Kotloff, Karen L. (Oxford University Press, 2018-07-13)
      Background Rotavirus vaccines given to infants are safe and efficacious. A booster dose of rotavirus vaccine could extend protection into the second year of life in low-resource countries. Methods We conducted an open-label, individual-randomized trial in Bamako, Mali. We assigned 600 infants aged 9-11 months to receive measles vaccine (MV), yellow fever vaccine (YFV), and meningococcal A conjugate vaccine (MenAV) with or without pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (PRV). We assessed the noninferiority (defined as a difference of ≤10%) of seroconversion and seroresponse rates to MV, YFV, and MenAV. We compared the seroresponse to PRV. Results Seroconversion to MV occurred in 255 of 261 PRV recipients (97.7%) and 246 of 252 control infants (97.6%; difference, 0.1% [95% confidence interval {CI}, -4.0%-4.2%]). Seroresponse to YFV occurred in 48.1% of PRV recipients (141 of 293), compared with 52.2% of controls (153 of 293; difference, -4.1% [95% CI, -12.2%-4.0%]). A 4-fold rise in meningococcus A bactericidal titer was observed in 273 of 292 PRV recipients (93.5%) and 276 of 293 controls (94.2%; difference, -0.7% [95% CI, -5.2%-3.8%]). Rises in geometric mean concentrations of immunoglobulin A and immunoglobulin G antibodies to rotavirus were higher among PRV recipients (118 [95% CI, 91-154] and 364 [95% CI, 294-450], respectively), compared with controls (68 [95% CI, 50-92] and 153 [95% CI, 114-207], respectively). Conclusions PRV did not interfere with MV and MenAV; this study could not rule out interference with YFV. PRV increased serum rotavirus antibody levels. Clinical Trials Registration NCT02286895. © The Author(s) 2018.