• Defining a minimal clinically meaningful difference in 12-month estimated glomerular filtration rate for clinical trials in deceased donor kidney transplantation

      Mayne, Tracy J; Nordyke, Robert J; Schold, Jesse D; Weir, Matthew R; Mohan, Sumit (Blackwell Publishing, 2021-04-25)
      Background: A Minimal Clinically Meaningful Difference (MCMD) has not been defined for Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Our goal was to define the MCMD for eGFR anchored to kidney graft failure. Methods: A systematic review of studies with 12‐month eGFR and subsequent renal graft failure was conducted. For observational studies, we calculated hazard ratio (HR) differences between adjacent eGFR intervals weighted by population distribution. Interventional trials yielded therapeutically induced changes in eGFR and failure risk. OPTN data analysis divided 12‐month eGFR into bands for Cox regressions comparing adjacent eGFR bands with a death‐censored graft survival outcome. Results: Observational studies indicated that lower eGFR was associated with increased death‐censored graft failure risk; each 5 ml/min/1.73 m2 12‐month eGFR band associated with a weighted incremental HR = 1.12 to 1.23. Clinical trial data found a 5 ml/min/1.73 m2 difference was associated with incremental HR = 1.16 to 1.35. OPTN analyses showed weighted mean HRs across 10, 7, and 5 ml/min/1.73 m2 bands of 1.47, 1.30, and 1.19. Conclusions: A 5 ml/min/1.73 m2 difference in 12‐month eGFR was consistently associated with ~20% increase in death‐censored graft failure risk. The magnitude of effect has been interpreted as clinically meaningful in other disease states and should be considered the MCMD in renal transplantation clinical trials.
    • Post-transplant Diabetes Mellitus in Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Multicenter Study.

      Malik, Rubab F; Jia, Yaqi; Mansour, Sherry G; Reese, Peter P; Hall, Isaac E; Alasfar, Sami; Doshi, Mona D; Akalin, Enver; Bromberg, Jonathan S; Harhay, Meera N; et al. (American Society of Nephrology, 2021-06-02)
      Background: De novo post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is a common complication after kidney transplant (KT). Most recent studies are single center with various approaches to outcome ascertainment. Methods: In a multicenter longitudinal cohort of 632 nondiabetic adult kidney recipients transplanted in 2010-2013, we ascertained outcomes through detailed chart review at 13 centers. We hypothesized that donor characteristics, such as sex, HCV infection, and kidney donor profile index (KDPI), and recipient characteristics, such as age, race, BMI, and increased HLA mismatches, would affect the development of PTDM among KT recipients. We defined PTDM as hemoglobin A1c ≥6.5%, pharmacological treatment for diabetes, or documentation of diabetes in electronic medical records. We assessed PTDM risk factors and evaluated for an independent time-updated association between PTDM and graft failure using regression. Results: Mean recipient age was 52±14 years, 59% were male, 49% were Black. Cumulative PTDM incidence 5 years post-KT was 29% (186). Independent baseline PTDM risk factors included older recipient age (P<0.001) and higher BMI (P=0.006). PTDM was not associated with all-cause graft failure (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR), 1.10; 95% CI, 0.78 to 1.55), death-censored graft failure (aHR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.53 to 1.37), or death (aHR, 1.31; 95% CI, 0.84 to 2.05) at median follow-up of 6 (interquartile range, 4.0-6.9) years post-KT. Induction and maintenance immunosuppression were not different between patients who did and did not develop PTDM. Conclusions: PTDM occurred commonly, and higher baseline BMI was associated with PTDM. PTDM was not associated with graft failure or mortality during the 6-year follow-up, perhaps due to the short follow-up time.