• Missing-in-metastasis protein downregulates CXCR4 by promoting ubiquitylation and interaction with small Rab GTPases

      Li, L.; Baxter, S.S.; Gu, N. (Company of Biologists Ltd, 2017)
      Surface expression of chemokine receptor CXCR4 is downregulated by missing-in-metastasis protein (MIM; also known as MTSS1), a member of the inverse BAR (I-BAR)-domain protein family that recognizes and generates membranes with negative curvature. Yet, the mechanism for the regulation is unknown. Here, we show that MIM forms a complex with CXCR4 by binding to E3 ubiquitin ligase AIP4 (also known as ITCH) in response to stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1; also known as CXCL12). Overexpression of MIM promoted CXCR4 ubiquitylation, inhibited cellular response to SDF-1, caused accumulation and aggregation of multivesicular bodies (MVBs) in the cytoplasm, and promoted CXCR4 sorting into MVBs in a manner depending on binding to AIP4. In response to SDF-1, MIM also bound transiently to the small GTPase Rab5 at 5 min and to Rab7 at 30 min. Binding to Rab7 requires an N-terminal coiled-coil motif, deletion of which abolished MIM-mediated MVB formation and CXCR4 internalization. Our results unveil a previously unknown property of MIM that establishes the linkage of protein ubiquitylation with Rab-guided trafficking of CXCR4 in endocytic vesicles. Copyright 2017. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.