• Deep sequencing of the TCR‐β repertoire of human forkhead box protein 3 (FoxP3)+and foxp3-T cells suggests that they are completely distinct and non-overlapping

      Golding, A.; Darko, S.; Wylie, W.H. (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2017)
      Maintenance of peripheral tolerance requires a balance between autoreactive conventional T cells (Tconv) and thymically derived forkhead box protein 3 (FoxP3)1 regulatory T cells (tTregs). Considerable controversy exists regarding the similarities/differences in T cell receptor (TCR) repertoires expressed by Tconvand tTregs. We generated highly purified populations of human adult and cord blood Tconvand tTregsbased on the differential expression of CD25 and CD127. The purity of the sorted populations was validated by intracellular staining for FoxP3 and Helios. We also purified an overlap group of CD4 T cells from adult donors to ensure that considerable numbers of shared clonotypes could be detected when present. We used deep sequencing of entire TCR-b CDR3 sequences to analyse the TCR repertoire of Tconvand tTregs. Our studies suggest that both neonatal and adult human Tconvand tTregcells are, in fact, entirely distinct CD4 T cell lineages. Copyright 2016 British Society for Immunology, Clinical and Experimental Immunology.