• Optimization of western blotting for the detection of proteins of different molecular weight

      Heda, G.D.; Shrestha, L.; Thapa, S. (Eaton Publishing Co., 2020)
      Protein samples electroblotted onto nitrocellulose membranes and quenched with a mixture of blocking agents produced a strong signal for cystic fibrosis transmembrane-conductance regulator (CFTR), a high-molecular-weight protein, in western blotting. Optimized conditions for CFTR were then extended to medium- and low-molecular-weight proteins (LAMP1 and Rab11a, respectively) to determine the effects of methanol concentration (0-20%) in Towbin's transfer buffer (TTB). Methanol in TTB appears to have little to no effect on CFTR signal. However, for medium-sized (LAMP1) and small (Rab11a) proteins, a lower concentration of methanol (10%) was sufficient to produce a maximal signal. Therefore, methanol, a toxic solvent, can be removed from or reduced in TTB without compromising signal strength. Here, we show modifications that may be useful in detecting and/or improving the signal of low-abundance proteins.