• MALDI-MSI spatially maps N-glycan alterations to histologically distinct pulmonary pathologies following irradiation

      Carter, Claire L.; Parker, George A.; Hankey, Kim G.; Farese, Ann M.; MacVittie, Thomas J.; Kane, Maureen A. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-07-14)
      Radiation-induced lung injury is a highly complex combination of pathological alterations that develop over time and severity of disease development is dose-dependent. Following exposures to lethal doses of irradiation, morbidity and mortality can occur due to a combination of edema, pneumonitis and fibrosis. Protein glycosylation has essential roles in a plethora of biological and immunological processes. Alterations in glycosylation profiles have been detected in diseases ranging from infection, inflammation and cancer. We utilized mass spectrometry imaging to spatially map N-glycans to distinct pathological alterations during the clinically latent period and at 180 days post-exposure to irradiation. Results identified alterations in a number of high mannose, hybrid and complex N-glycans that were localized to regions of mucus and alveolar-bronchiolar hyperplasia, proliferations of type 2 epithelial cells, accumulations of macrophages, edema and fibrosis. The glycosylation profiles indicate most alterations occur prior to the onset of clinical symptoms as a result of pathological manifestations. Alterations in five N-glycans were identified as a function of time post-exposure. Understanding the functional roles N-glycans play in the development of these pathologies, particularly in the accumulation of macrophages and their phenotype, may lead to new therapeutic avenues for the treatment of radiation-induced lung injury. © 2020, The Author(s).