• Risk factors associated with atraumatic posterolateral rotatory instability

      Gilotra, Mohit N.; Fridman, Jake; Enobun, Blessing; Kuntz, Andrew F.; Glaser, David L.; Huffman, G. Russell (Elsevier B.V., 2021-04-09)
      Background: Traumatic posterolateral rotatory instability after elbow dislocation or fracture dislocation has been well described. However, few reports cover atraumatic posterolateral rotatory instability as a cause of lateral-sided elbow pain. We assessed the risk factors and epidemiology of atraumatic posterolateral rotatory instability in a case-control study. Methods: A retrospective review of all patients treated operatively for atraumatic posterolateral rotatory instability during a 6-year period was compared with a group of patients with extensor carpi radialis brevis tendinopathy without instability treated during the same time period. Bivariate and multiple logistic regression statistical analyses were used to investigate the following risk factors: gender, age, hand dominance, diabetes, smoking, body mass index, corticosteroid injection history, and duration of symptoms. Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand and pain scores were obtained preoperatively and postoperatively. Results: Thirteen patients with atraumatic posterolateral rotatory instability were compared with 12 patients with extensor carpi radialis brevis tendinopathy. Multivariate analysis revealed patients with atraumatic posterolateral rotatory instability were more likely to have multiple corticosteroid injections (P =.05) and present with a longer duration of symptoms (P =.03). Postoperative pain scores improved in both groups. Conclusions: Atraumatic posterolateral rotatory instability should be considered in the differential diagnosis of lateral elbow when patients present with a protracted clinical course. Statistically, posterolateral rotatory instability patients more often present with a history of multiple corticosteroid injections. © 2021 The Authors