• Potential Use of Adjuvant Bacteriophage Therapy With Debridement, Antibiotics, and Implant Retention Surgery to Treat Chronic Prosthetic Joint Infections

      Doub, James B; Ng, Vincent Y; Johnson, Aaron; Amoroso, Anthony; Kottilil, Shyamasundaran; Wilson, Eleanor (Oxford University Press, 2021-05-26)
      The number of arthroplasties conducted annually continues to increase; however, approximately 1%-2% of all knee and hip arthroplasties will become infected. These prosthetic joint infections are costly, difficult to treat, and cause significant morbidity and mortality as a direct result of conventional surgical and medical managements. In this perspective, we discuss factors that make these infections arduous to treat as well as the potential use of adjuvant bacteriophage therapy with debridement, antibiotics, and implant retention surgery to cure these infections without removing the infected prosthesis. We also provide rationale as to why future clinical trials evaluating this novel therapeutic will need to be designed as noninferiority trials, and we compare this approach to 2-stage revision surgery. If bacteriophage therapy continues to show effectiveness, this could revolutionize the treatment of prosthetic joint infections and pioneer new treatments for similar infections.