Browsing UMB Open Access Articles by Subject "B cell maturation"
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TLR9- and CD40-Targeting Vaccination Promotes Human B Cell Maturation and IgG Induction pDC-Dependent Mechanisms in Humanized MiceMice reconstituted with a human immune system (humanized mice) provide a robust model to study human immunology, vaccinology, and human infectious diseases. However, the development and function of B cells in humanized mice is impaired. B cells from humanized mice are immature and are impaired in IgM to IgG isotype switch in response to infection or vaccination. In the present study we report that Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) agonist CpG-B combined with CD40-targeting vaccination triggered human B cell immunoglobin class-switch from IgM+ to IgG+ B cells in humanized mice. Human B cells from mice vaccinated with CpG-B as adjuvant were more mature in phenotype and produced significant levels of both total IgG and antigen-specific IgG. We found that CpG-B treatment activated human pDCs (plasmacytoid dendritic cells) in vivo to induce interferon-alpha (IFN-α)expression in humanized mice. Pre-depletion of human pDC in vivo abrogated the adjuvant effect of CpG-B. Our results indicate that TLR9 and CD40-targeting vaccination triggers human B cell maturation and immunoglobulin class-switch in a pDC-dependent manner in humanized mice. The findings also shed light on induction of human IgG antibodies in humanized mouse models.