• Urinary exosome-based androgen receptor-variant 7 detection in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients

      Wang, Chao; Liu, Xiang; Li, Hongyan; Zhao, Libo; Kong, Guanyi; Chen, Jing; Li, Zhi; Qi, Jianfei; Tian, Ye; Zhang, Fengbo (AME Publishing Company, 2022-02-01)
      Background: Androgen receptor variant 7 (AR-V7) detection provides important information for the clinical management of abiraterone in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). We performed a non-invasive urine-derived exosomal AR-V7 analysis of mCRPC patients. Methods: A total of 34 mCRPC patients were recruited including 16 patients treated with abiraterone (ABI) with stable prostate-specific antigen (PSA)/radiograph response (the ABI-Sta group) and 18 were resistant to abiraterone (the ABI-Res group). Urine was collected from patients and healthy control patients for the analysis. Exosomal ribonucleic acid was isolated from urine. Urinary exosome-based androgen receptor-variant 7 was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assay. Characteristics of patients and survival data were collected. The correlation between AR-V7 expression and the therapeutic effect/ survival outcomes of abiraterone was analyzed. Results: Urine is the ideal biological sample for exosome separation and AR full-length analysis. Positive urine-derived exosomal AR-V7 was detected in 32.4% (11 of 34) of the mCRPC patients’ urine samples. Positive AR-V7 was more common in the ABI-Res patients than the ABI-Sta patients (50.0% vs. 12.5%, respectively; P=0.009), and was associated with a higher PSA progression rate and poorer overall survival (OS) (P=0.0031, and P=0.0012, respectively). Conclusions: The present study showed that the detection of urine-derived exosomal AR-V7 provides a sensitive and feasible clinical workflow. The predicting role of urine-derived exosomal AR-V7 in mCRPC patients should be further verified using studies with greater sample sizes.