• Clinically adjudicated deceased donor acute kidney injury and graft outcomes.

      Mansour, Sherry G; Khoury, Nadeen; Kodali, Ravi; Virmani, Sarthak; Reese, Peter P; Hall, Isaac E; Jia, Yaqi; Yamamoto, Yu; Thiessen-Philbrook, Heather R; Obeid, Wassim; et al. (Public Library of Science, 2022-03-03)
      Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) in deceased donors is not associated with graft failure (GF). We hypothesize that hemodynamic AKI (hAKI) comprises the majority of donor AKI and may explain this lack of association. Methods: In this ancillary analysis of the Deceased Donor Study, 428 donors with available charts were selected to identify those with and without AKI. AKI cases were classified as hAKI, intrinsic (iAKI), or mixed (mAKI) based on majority adjudication by three nephrologists. We evaluated the associations between AKI phenotypes and delayed graft function (DGF), 1-year eGFR and GF. We also evaluated differences in urine biomarkers among AKI phenotypes. Results: Of the 291 (68%) donors with AKI, 106 (36%) were adjudicated as hAKI, 84 (29%) as iAKI and 101 (35%) as mAKI. Of the 856 potential kidneys, 669 were transplanted with 32% developing DGF and 5% experiencing GF. Median 1-year eGFR was 53 (IQR: 41-70) ml/min/1.73m2. Compared to non-AKI, donors with iAKI had higher odds DGF [aOR (95%CI); 4.83 (2.29, 10.22)] and had lower 1-year eGFR [adjusted B coefficient (95% CI): -11 (-19, -3) mL/min/1.73 m2]. hAKI and mAKI were not associated with DGF or 1-year eGFR. Rates of GF were not different among AKI phenotypes and non-AKI. Urine biomarkers such as NGAL, LFABP, MCP-1, YKL-40, cystatin-C and albumin were higher in iAKI. Conclusion: iAKI was associated with higher DGF and lower 1-year eGFR but not with GF. Clinically phenotyped donor AKI is biologically different based on biomarkers and may help inform decisions regarding organ utilization.
    • Contemporary incidence and risk factors of post transplant Erythrocytosis in deceased donor kidney transplantation.

      Alasfar, Sami; Hall, Isaac E; Mansour, Sherry G; Jia, Yaqi; Thiessen-Philbrook, Heather R; Weng, Francis L; Singh, Pooja; Schröppel, Bernd; Muthukumar, Thangamani; Mohan, Sumit; et al. (Springer Nature, 2021-01-12)
      Background: Post-Transplant erythrocytosis (PTE) has not been studied in large recent cohorts. In this study, we evaluated the incidence, risk factors, and outcome of PTE with current transplant practices using the present World Health Organization criteria to define erythrocytosis. We also tested the hypothesis that the risk of PTE is greater with higher-quality kidneys. Methods: We utilized the Deceased Donor Study which is an ongoing, multicenter, observational study of deceased donors and their kidney recipients that were transplanted between 2010 and 2013 across 13 centers. Eryrthocytosis is defined by hemoglobin> 16.5 g/dL in men and> 16 g/dL in women. Kidney quality is measured by Kidney Donor Profile Index (KDPI). Results: Of the 1123 recipients qualified to be in this study, PTE was observed at a median of 18 months in 75 (6.6%) recipients. Compared to recipients without PTE, those with PTE were younger [mean 48±11 vs 54±13 years, p < 0.001], more likely to have polycystic kidney disease [17% vs 6%, p < 0.001], have received kidneys from younger donors [36 ±13 vs 41±15 years], and be on RAAS inhibitors [35% vs 22%, p < 0.001]. Recipients with PTE were less likely to have received kidneys from donors with hypertension [16% vs 32%, p = 0.004], diabetes [1% vs 11%, p = 0.008], and cerebrovascular event (24% vs 36%, p = 0.036). Higher KDPI was associated with decreased PTE risk [HR 0.98 (95% CI: 0.97–0.99)]. Over 60 months of follow-up, only 17 (36%) recipients had sustained PTE. There was no association between PTE and graft failure or mortality, Conclusions: The incidence of PTE was low in our study and PTE resolved in majority of patients. Lower KDPI increases risk of PTE. The underutilization of RAAS inhibitors in PTE patients raises the possibility of under-recognition of this phenomenon and should be explored in future studies. © 2021, The Author(s).
    • Post-transplant Diabetes Mellitus in Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Multicenter Study.

      Malik, Rubab F; Jia, Yaqi; Mansour, Sherry G; Reese, Peter P; Hall, Isaac E; Alasfar, Sami; Doshi, Mona D; Akalin, Enver; Bromberg, Jonathan S; Harhay, Meera N; et al. (American Society of Nephrology, 2021-06-02)
      Background: De novo post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is a common complication after kidney transplant (KT). Most recent studies are single center with various approaches to outcome ascertainment. Methods: In a multicenter longitudinal cohort of 632 nondiabetic adult kidney recipients transplanted in 2010-2013, we ascertained outcomes through detailed chart review at 13 centers. We hypothesized that donor characteristics, such as sex, HCV infection, and kidney donor profile index (KDPI), and recipient characteristics, such as age, race, BMI, and increased HLA mismatches, would affect the development of PTDM among KT recipients. We defined PTDM as hemoglobin A1c ≥6.5%, pharmacological treatment for diabetes, or documentation of diabetes in electronic medical records. We assessed PTDM risk factors and evaluated for an independent time-updated association between PTDM and graft failure using regression. Results: Mean recipient age was 52±14 years, 59% were male, 49% were Black. Cumulative PTDM incidence 5 years post-KT was 29% (186). Independent baseline PTDM risk factors included older recipient age (P<0.001) and higher BMI (P=0.006). PTDM was not associated with all-cause graft failure (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR), 1.10; 95% CI, 0.78 to 1.55), death-censored graft failure (aHR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.53 to 1.37), or death (aHR, 1.31; 95% CI, 0.84 to 2.05) at median follow-up of 6 (interquartile range, 4.0-6.9) years post-KT. Induction and maintenance immunosuppression were not different between patients who did and did not develop PTDM. Conclusions: PTDM occurred commonly, and higher baseline BMI was associated with PTDM. PTDM was not associated with graft failure or mortality during the 6-year follow-up, perhaps due to the short follow-up time.