Effects of S. mutans gene-modification and antibacterial calcium phosphate nanocomposite on secondary caries and marginal enamel hardness
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry
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AbstractSecondary caries at the restoration-tooth margins is a main reason for dental restoration failures. Gene-modification for Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) and composites containing dimethylaminohexadecyl methacrylate (DMAHDMA) and nanoparticles of amorphous calcium phosphate (NACP) all have the potential to suppress bacterial acids and promote remineralization. However, there has been no report of their effects on marginal caries-inhibition and enamel hardness. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of gene-modification and DMAHDM-NACP composite restoration on enamel demineralization and hardness at the margins under biofilm acids for the first time. Parent S. mutans and rnc gene-deleted S. mutans were tested side by side. The bioactive composite contained 3% DMAHDM and 30% NACP. Mechanical properties and calcium (Ca) and phosphate (P) ion releases were measured. Colony-forming units (CFU), MTT, lactic acid and polysaccharide of biofilms were evaluated. Demineralization of bovine enamel with composite restorations was induced via biofilms, then enamel hardness was measured. The dual strategy of combining rnc-deletion with DMAHDM+30NACP: (1) achieved the strongest biofilm-inhibition, with the greatest reduction in biofilm CFU by 6 logs; (2) decreased biofilm lactic acid and polysaccharide production by more than 80%; (3) achieved enamel hardness that was 140% higher than that of a commercial fluoride-releasing composite under 30 days of biofilm acids. Therefore, the novel dual approach of rnc gene-deletion and DMAHDM+NACP nanocomposite is promising to inhibit secondary caries at the margins and increase the longevity of tooth restorations.
Keywordantibacterial calcium phosphate nanocomposite
Dental Caries--prevention & control
Dental Restoration Failure
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85076815704&doi=10.1039%2fc9ra09220j&partnerID=40&md5=b213f00ba0beed44e81dafb6e0de2444; http://hdl.handle.net/10713/11559