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dc.contributor.authorMutagoma, M.
dc.contributor.authorNyirazinyoye, L.
dc.contributor.authorSebuhoro, D.
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-01T12:49:37Z
dc.date.available2019-11-01T12:49:37Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85026349605&doi=10.1186%2fs12879-017-2625-0&partnerID=40&md5=62c10e09e5ab41ed35746554d1c02a63
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/11315
dc.description.abstractBackground: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), syphilis, Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) are sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and share modes of transmission. These infections are generally more prevalent among female sex workers (FSWs). Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted among female sex workers (FSWs) in Rwanda in 2015. Venue-Day-Time (VDT) sampling method was used in recruiting participants. HIV, syphilis, HBV, and HCV testing were performed. Descriptive analyses and logistic regression models were computed. Results: In total, 1978 FSWs were recruited. The majority (58.5%) was aged between 20 and 29 years old. Up to 63.9% of FSWs were single, 62.3% attained primary school, and 68.0% had no additional occupation beside sex work. Almost all FSWs (81.2%) had children. The majority of FSWs (68.4%) were venue-based, and most (53.5%) had spent less than five years in sex work. The overall prevalence of syphilis was 51.1%; it was 2.5% for HBV, 1.4% for HCV, 42.9% for HIV and 27.4% for syphilis/HIV co-infection. The prevalence of syphilis, HIV, and syphilis + HIV co-infection was increasing with age and decreasing with the level of education. A positive association with syphilis/HIV co-infection was found in: 25 years and older (aOR = 1.82 [95% CI:1.33-2.50]), having had a genital sore in the last 12 months (aOR = 1.34 [95% CI:1.05-1.71]), and having HBsAg-positive test (aOR = 2.09 [1.08-4.08]). Conclusion: The prevalence of HIV and syphilis infections and HIV/syphilis co-infection are very high among FSWs in Rwanda. A strong, specific prevention program for FSWs and to avert HIV infection and other STIs transmission to their clients is needed. Copyright 2017 The Author(s).en_US
dc.description.urihttps://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-017-2625-0en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherBioMed Central Ltd.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofBMC Infectious Diseases
dc.subjectCo-infectionen_US
dc.subjectFemale sex workersen_US
dc.subjectHBVen_US
dc.subjectHCVen_US
dc.subjectHIVen_US
dc.subjectRwandaen_US
dc.subjectSyphilisen_US
dc.titleSyphilis and HIV prevalence and associated factors to their co-infection, hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses prevalence among female sex workers in Rwandaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12879-017-2625-0
dc.identifier.pmid28754104


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