Computerized cognitive remediation therapy effects on resting state brain activity and cognition in schizophrenia
PublisherNature Publishing Group
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AbstractThis study aimed to test how an 8-week training using computerized cognitive remediation therapy (CCRT) would modify resting brain functional activity and improve cognitive function in patients with schizophrenia. Twenty-seven patients with schizophrenia were recruited and randomized into two groups: CCRT or treatment-as-usual (TAU). The CCRT group received 40 sessions of computerized cognitive training over an eight-week period. There was a significant treatment group × time interaction on the processing speed (trail making test: F = 8.14, P = 0.01) and a trend in problem solving (mazes test: P = 0.06). Post-hoc tests showed that CCRT but not TAU significantly improved scores from baseline to end-of-treatment on these two cognitive assessments. For the resting brain functional activity, significant group × time interaction effect was found in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC)/anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and brainstem pons region. Post-hoc tests showed that there was significant increased activity in the mPFC/ACC in CCRT but not TAU group. In this small sample study, computerized cognitive remediation therapy is shown to enhance mPFC/ACC activity even at resting state and improve cognitive function in patients with schizophrenia. If replicated, this community and clinic accessible therapy may assist cognitive remediation effort for people with schizophrenia. Copyright 2017 The Author(s).
Keywordcomputerized cognitive remediation therapy
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85022054494&doi=10.1038%2fs41598-017-04829-9&partnerID=40&md5=6c2387460522138453f5ef7a95e230b6; http://hdl.handle.net/10713/11272