Virtual reality for pain management in patients with heart failure: Study rationale and design
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials Communications
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AbstractBackground: Patients with advanced heart failure commonly experience acute and/or chronic moderate to severe pain related to disease, treatment, or both. While pain management strategies typically focus on drug therapies, non-pharmacological interventions may prove beneficial without risk of significant clinical side effects or contraindications. One novel strategy, virtual reality, has been shown to improve pain control in addition to usual pharmacological interventions. Methods: This is a prospective, two-armed, single center randomized controlled pilot study of a virtual reality intervention in 128 hospitalized subjects with ACC/AHA stage C or stage D heart failure who self-report pain rated 4/10 or greater compared to an active control, two-dimensional guided imagery. The primary outcome is change in self-reported pain score measured by the Brief Pain Inventory (Short Form). Secondary end points include changes in self-reported distress, quality of life, and satisfaction with pain management. Conclusion: This randomized controlled study aims to provide empiric data to support application and expansion of novel technologies such as virtual reality to augment usual pharmacological pain management strategies in hospitalized patients with heart failure.
SponsorsThis study is being funded by a generous grant from the Charles and Mary Latham Fund ( http://lathamfund.org/ ). The funding source has no authority in the study design or execution or in the preparation of this manuscript.
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85073159628&doi=10.1016%2fj.conctc.2019.100470&partnerID=40&md5=010b8a7889c66cb7cf64aa63baf42816; http://hdl.handle.net/10713/11193