PublisherLippincott Williams and Wilkins
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractIntroduction: Nocebo-induced algesic responses occurring within clinical contexts present a challenge for health care practitioners working in the field of pain medicine. Objectives: Following the recent research on algesic nocebo effects, the scope of this review is to develop ethically acceptable strategies to help avoid, or at least reduce, nocebo responses within clinical settings. Methods: We reviewed relevant clinical studies that depict how patient-practitioner interactions may contribute to the reduction of nocebo responses. Results: A strong algesic nocebo effect may adversely impact a patient's condition by causing decreases in both the efficacy and effectiveness of interventions, as well as by promoting treatment nonadherence and discontinuation. These effects may be triggered through multiple channels and can lead to significant alterations in a patient's perception of pain, consequently producing a weakening of the specific positive effects of pharmacological, psychological, or physical pain-management interventions. Conclusion: To minimize nocebo effects in clinical settings, we identified and discussed five contextual aspects relevant to the treatment of patients with chronic pain: (1) negative patient-clinician communication and interaction during treatment; (2) emotional burden of patients during treatment with analgesic medication; (3) negative information provided via informational leaflets; (4) cued and contextual conditioning nocebo effects; and (5) patient's lack of positive information. Through an understanding of these elements, many preventive and ethically acceptable clinical actions can be taken to improve multidisciplinary pain treatment outcomes. Copyright 2017 The Authors.
SponsorsSupported by the Department of Anesthesiology, the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE) and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG (FOR35 1328/1 to RK [Kl 1350/3-1]) and the University of Maryland, Baltimore (LC) and the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR, R01DE025946, LC).
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85019979723&doi=10.1097%2fPR9.0000000000000586&partnerID=40&md5=6437e4baba990bd9d11fdea50d6c8426; http://hdl.handle.net/10713/11133