Formation of neurodegenerative aggresome and death-inducing signaling complex in maternal diabetes-induced neural tube defects
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
PublisherNational Academy of Sciences
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractDiabetes mellitus in early pregnancy increases the risk in infants of birth defects, such as neural tube defects (NTDs), known as diabetic embryopathy. NTDs are associated with hyperglycemia-induced protein misfolding and Caspase-8–induced programmed cell death. The present study shows that misfolded proteins are ubiquitinylated, suggesting that ubiquitin-proteasomal degradation is impaired. Misfolded proteins form aggregates containing ubiquitin-binding protein p62, suggesting that autophagic-lysosomal clearance is insufficient. Additionally, these aggregates contain the neurodegenerative disease-associated proteins α-Synuclein, Parkin, and Huntingtin (Htt). Aggregation of Htt may lead to formation of a death-inducing signaling complex of Hip1, Hippi, and Caspase-8. Treatment with chemical chaperones, such as sodium 4-phenylbutyrate (PBA), reduces protein aggregation in neural stem cells in vitro and in embryos in vivo. Furthermore, treatment with PBA in vivo decreases NTD rate in the embryos of diabetic mice, as well as Caspase-8 activation and cell death. Enhancing protein folding could be a potential interventional approach to preventing embryonic malformations in diabetic pregnancies.
SponsorsThe work was supported by the National Institutes of Health under Award Numbers HD076245 (to Z.Z.) and HD075995 (to Z.Z.).
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85018853670&doi=10.1073%2fpnas.1616119114&partnerID=40&md5=986e8f84a82fcd80cab61f985be8c5d5; http://hdl.handle.net/10713/11106
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