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dc.contributor.authorFriedmann, E.
dc.contributor.authorGalik, E.
dc.contributor.authorThomas, S.A.
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-13T16:42:03Z
dc.date.available2019-09-13T16:42:03Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85063208861&doi=10.1080%2f08927936.2019.1569905&partnerID=40&md5=b5c9652b269b47eed6bd97c49f4392db
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/10748
dc.description.abstractIn recent research involving assisted-living residents with mild to moderate cognitive impairment, a structured 12-week Pet Assisted Living (PAL) intervention led to improved physical activity (PA) and mood. Receipt of intervention is important to the efficacy of behavioral interventions. We assessed the behavioral interactions (BIs: looking at, talking to, touching, giving treats to, brushing, and walking the dog) of residents during PAL intervention sessions and evaluated their relationships to changes in PA and mood. Residents with mild to moderate cognitive impairment in seven small assisted-living facilities were randomized by facility to the 12-week PAL or reminiscing interventions. Outcomes included PA and mood. PA was assessed monthly with 24-hour actigraph and Barthel Index, and mood was assessed with the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia. Residents of four facilities (n = 22) received the PAL intervention which included bi-weekly activities designed to encourage maintenance or improvement of PA and mood. During each PAL session, participants' engagement in each BI was noted. Engagement in BIs varied between residents and over sessions. BIs were not correlated with degree of cognitive impairment. In linear mixed models, the more participants walked the dog the more their PA changed, and the more participants looked at the dog the more their moods changed (ps < 0.05). Participants varied in their engagement in BIs. Two specific BIs were related to improvements in PA and mood. Finer assessment of BIs during animal-assisted interventions may enable understanding of their relationships to specific outcomes. Copyright 2019, Copyright 2019 The Author(s).en_US
dc.description.urihttps://doi.org/10.1080/08927936.2019.1569905en_US
dc.language.isoen-USen_US
dc.publisherTaylor and Francis Ltd.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofAnthrozoos
dc.subjectactivities of daily livingen_US
dc.subjectanimal-assisted interventionen_US
dc.subjectdementiaen_US
dc.subjectdepressionen_US
dc.subjecthuman-animal interactionen_US
dc.subjectmooden_US
dc.subjectphysical activityen_US
dc.subjecttreatment fidelityen_US
dc.titleRelationship of Behavioral Interactions during an Animal-assisted Intervention in Assisted Living to Health-related Outcomesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/08927936.2019.1569905


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