PLA2G4A/cPLA2-mediated lysosomal membrane damage leads to inhibition of autophagy and neurodegeneration after brain trauma
PublisherTaylor and Francis Inc.
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractLysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP) is observed under many pathological conditions, leading to cellular dysfunction and death. However, the mechanisms by which lysosomal membranes become leaky in vivo are not clear. Our data demonstrate that LMP occurs in neurons following controlled cortical impact induced (CCI) traumatic brain injury (TBI) in mice, leading to impaired macroautophagy (autophagy) and neuronal cell death. Comparison of LC-MS/MS lysosomal membrane lipid profiles from TBI and sham animals suggested a role for PLA2G4A/cPLA2 (phospholipase A2, group IVA [cytosolic, calcium-dependent]) in TBI-induced LMP. Activation of PLA2G4A caused LMP and inhibition of autophagy flux in cell lines and primary neurons. In vivo pharmacological inhibition of PLA2G4A attenuated TBI-induced LMP, as well as subsequent impairment of autophagy and neuronal loss, and was associated with improved neurological outcomes. Inhibition of PLA2G4A in vitro limited amyloid-β-induced LMP and inhibition of autophagy. Together, our data indicate that PLA2G4A -mediated lysosomal membrane damage is involved in neuronal cell death following CCI-induced TBI and potentially in other neurodegenerative disorders. Copyright 2019 The Author(s).
cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2)
lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP)
membrane lipidomic analysis
traumatic brain injury (TBI)
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85068071601&doi=10.1080%2f15548627.2019.1628538&partnerID=40&md5=b5cb9d1c968616eca837823bc99bd637; http://hdl.handle.net/10713/10720