Nano-structured demineralized human dentin matrix to enhance bone and dental repair and regeneration
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractDemineralized dentin matrix (DDM), derived from human teeth, is an excellent scaffold material with exciting bioactive properties to enhance bone and dental tissue engineering efficacy. In this article, first the nano-structure and bioactive components of the dentin matrix were reviewed. Then the preparation methods of DDM and the resulting properties were discussed. Next, the efficacy of DDM as a bone substitute with in vitro and in vivo properties were analyzed. In addition, the applications of DDM in tooth regeneration with promising results were described, and the drawbacks and future research needs were also discussed. With the extraction of growth factors from DDM and the nano-structural properties of DDM, previous studies also broadened the use of DDM as a bioactive carrier for growth factor delivery. In addition, due to its excellent physical and biological properties, DDM was also investigated for incorporation into other biomaterials design and fabrication, yielding great enhancements in hard tissue regeneration efficacy. Copyright 2019 by the authors.
SponsorsThis study was supported by the University of Maryland Baltimore seed grant; University of Maryland School of Dentistry bridge grant; the National Science Foundation of China 81670984, 81873713 and 31771051the International Cooperation Project of Science and Technology in Guangdong Province 2016B050502008; Guangzhou Social Science Foundation of China 706054936110; Guangdong Science Foundation 2018B030311041.
KeywordBone tissue engineering
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85063679071&doi=10.3390%2fapp9051013&partnerID=40&md5=61b127df0fa24b58421dabb070af8931; http://hdl.handle.net/10713/10696