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dc.contributor.authorRen, Y.
dc.contributor.authorHuang, S.
dc.contributor.authorDai, C.
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-13T16:41:55Z
dc.date.available2019-09-13T16:41:55Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85066735130&doi=10.3389%2ffonc.2019.00288&partnerID=40&md5=15a1fca8ce79c77271c1aab7c3ccfa6a
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/10645
dc.description.abstractObjective: Synchronous multiple ground-glass nodules (SM-GGNs) are a distinct entity of lung cancer which has been emerging increasingly in recent years in China. The oncogenesis molecular mechanisms of SM-GGNs remain elusive. Methods: We investigated single nucleotide variations (SNV), insertions and deletions (INDEL), somatic copy number variations (CNV), and germline mutations of 69 SM-GGN samples collected from 31 patients, using target sequencing (TRS) and whole exome sequencing (WES). Results: In the entire cohort, many known driver mutations were found, including EGFR (21.7%), BRAF (14.5%), and KRAS (6%). However, only one out of the 31 patients had the same somatic missense or truncated events within SM-GGNs, indicating the independent origins for almost all of these SM-GGNs. Many germline mutations with a low frequency in the Chinese population, and genes harboring both germline and somatic variations, were discovered in these pre-stage GGNs. These GGNs also bore large segments of copy number gains and/or losses. The CNV segment number tended to be positively correlated with the germline mutations (r = 0.57). The CNV sizes were correlated with the somatic mutations (r = 0.55). A moderate correlation (r = 0.54) was also shown between the somatic and germline mutations. Conclusion: Our data suggests that the precancerous unstable CNVs with potentially predisposing genetic backgrounds may foster the onset of driver mutations and the development of independent SM-GGNs during the local stimulation of mutagens.en_US
dc.description.urihttps://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2019.00288en_US
dc.language.isoen-USen_US
dc.publisherFrontiers Media S.A.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofFrontiers in Oncology
dc.subjectsynchronous multiple ground-glass nodulesen_US
dc.subject.meshAdenocarcinoma of the Lung--geneticsen_US
dc.titleGermline predisposition and copy number alteration in pre-stage lung adenocarcinomas presenting as ground-glass nodulesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fonc.2019.00288


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