Association of Glucose Concentrations at Hospital Discharge With Readmissions and Mortality: A Nationwide Cohort Study
JournalThe Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
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AbstractCONTEXT: Low blood glucose concentrations during the discharge day may affect 30-day readmission and posthospital discharge mortality rates. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether patients with diabetes and low glucose values during the last day of hospitalization are at increased risk of readmission or mortality. DESIGN AND OUTCOMES: Minimum point of care glucose values were collected during the last 24 hours of hospitalization. We used adjusted rates of 30-day readmission rate, 30-, 90-, and 180-day mortality rates, and combined 30-day readmission/mortality rate to identify minimum glucose thresholds above which patients can be safely discharged. PATIENTS AND SETTING: Nationwide cohort study including 843,978 admissions of patients with diabetes at the Veteran Affairs hospitals 14 years. RESULTS: The rate ratios (RRs) increased progressively for all five outcomes as the minimum glucose concentrations progressively decreased below the 90 to 99 mg/dL category, compared with the 100 to 109 mg/dL category: 30-day readmission RR, 1.01 to 1.45; 30-day readmission/mortality RR, 1.01 to 1.71; 30-day mortality RR, 0.99 to 5.82; 90-day mortality RR, 1.01 to 2.40; 180-day mortality RR, 1.03 to 1.91. Patients with diabetes experienced greater 30-day readmission rates, 30-, 90- and 180-day postdischarge mortality rates, and higher combined 30-day readmission/mortality rates, with glucose levels <92.9 mg/dL, <45.2 mg/dL, 65.8 mg/dL, 67.3 mg/dL, and <87.2 mg/dL, respectively. CONCLUSION: Patients with diabetes who had hypoglycemia or near-normal glucose values during the last day of hospitalization had higher rates of 30-day readmission and postdischarge mortality.
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85070180384&doi=10.1210%2fjc.2018-02575&partnerID=40&md5=203cf7a7b9680e0e117e326d04250127; http://hdl.handle.net/10713/10361