Dancing with Deterrents: Understanding the Role of Abuse-Deterrent Opioid Formulations and Naloxone in Managing Cancer Pain
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AbstractPrescription opioids are commonly prescribed for the relief of many kinds of pain syndromes, including cancer pain. In order to combat the growing rates of abuse and misuse of prescription opioids, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, along with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and multiple pharmaceutical companies, have implemented many risk mitigation strategies. Abuse-deterrent drug delivery technology and more consistent prescribing of the opioid antagonist, naloxone, are two of the mechanisms of reducing harm in patients on chronic opioid therapy. Abuse-deterrent technology is implemented into different commercially available opioid products with the intent of discouraging manipulation of the opioid or making the use of the manipulated opioid less appealing. Use of the opioid antagonist, naloxone, for reversal of intentional or unintentional opioid overdose is a safe and effective means to reduce potential risk in patients who are on opioids for pain management. These mechanisms have multiple advantages and limitations that influence their practical use specifically in patients with cancer pain. Patients with cancer pain have unique therapeutic needs and goals, and their balance of treatment risks and benefits differs from that of other kinds of chronic pain disorders. This article provides an overview of the advantages and limitations of these specific harm-reduction strategies and provides guidance on how to practically utilize them when caring for patients with cancer pain. Implications for Practice: Treating cancer pain has important and unique considerations compared with other chronic, noncancer pain disorders. The use of risk mitigation strategies for opioid prescribing as promoted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention does not translate seamlessly to patients with cancer. It is crucial to be wary of the advantages and pitfalls of all risk mitigation strategies related to opioid use in patients with cancer pain. Careful examination of patient-specific risks and benefits should always be considered when implementing pharmacologic treatment and harm-reduction strategies for the management of cancer pain.
Identifier to cite or link to this itemhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85066858034&doi=10.1634%2ftheoncologist.2019-0340&partnerID=40&md5=0496bcbbb65fe8473a890f45db54b780; http://hdl.handle.net/10713/10168