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dc.contributor.authorRodrigues-Pinto, R.
dc.contributor.authorKurd, M.F.
dc.contributor.authorSchroeder, G.D.
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-15T16:16:59Z
dc.date.available2019-07-15T16:16:59Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85030243127&doi=10.1177%2f2192568217701097&partnerID=40&md5=d774494d04da959211f40a4ff55dd2c1
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10713/10037
dc.description.abstractStudy Design: Literature review. Objective: The aim of this review is to describe the injuries associated with sacral fractures and to analyze their impact on patient outcome. Methods: A comprehensive narrative review of the literature was performed to identify the injuries associated with sacral fractures. Results: Sacral fractures are uncommon injuries that result from high-energy trauma, and that, due to their rarity, are frequently underdiagnosed and mistreated. Only 5% of sacral fractures occur in isolation. Injuries most often associated with sacral fractures include neurologic injuries (present in up to 50% of sacral fractures), pelvic ring disruptions, hip and lumbar spine fractures, active pelvic/ abdominal bleeding and the presence of an open fracture or significant soft tissue injury. Diagnosis of pelvic ring fractures and fractures extending to the lumbar spine are key factors for the appropriate management of sacral fractures. Importantly, associated systemic (cranial, thoracic, and abdominopelvic) or musculoskeletal injuries should be promptly assessed and addressed. These associated injuries often dictate the management and eventual outcome of sacral fractures and, therefore, any treatment algorithm should take them into consideration. Conclusions: Sacral fractures are complex in nature and often associated with other often-missed injuries. This review summarizes the most relevant associated injuries in sacral fractures and discusses on their appropriate management. Copyright 2017, Copyright The Author(s) 2017.en_US
dc.description.urihttps://www.doi.org/10.1177/2192568217701097en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherSAGE Publications Ltden_US
dc.relation.ispartofGlobal Spine Journal
dc.subjectassociated injuriesen_US
dc.subjectdiagnosisen_US
dc.subjectmanagementen_US
dc.subjectmusculoskeletal injuriesen_US
dc.subjectneurologic injuriesen_US
dc.subjectsacral fracturesen_US
dc.subjectsystemic injuriesen_US
dc.titleSacral Fractures and Associated Injuriesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/2192568217701097


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