UMB Digital Archive

Scholarship & History

The UMB Digital Archive is a service of the Health Sciences and Human Services Library (HS/HSL) that collects, preserves, and distributes the academic works of the University of Maryland, Baltimore. It is a place that digitally captures the historical record of the campus.

 

  • Vaccines, Antibodies and Donors: Varying Attitudes and Policies Surrounding COVID-19 and Heart Transplantation.

    Defilippis, Ersilia M; Allen, Larry A; Bhatt, Ankeet S; Joseph, Susan; Kittleson, Michelle; Vardeny, Orly; Drazner, Mark H; Lala, Anuradha (Elsevier, 2022-06-16)
    Introduction: There are varied opinions in the United States regarding many aspects of care related to COVID-19. The purpose of this study was to examine the opinions of health care personnel and the policies of heart transplant centers concerning practices for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19 in donors and recipients of heart transplants. Methods: Two anonymous, electronic web-based surveys were developed: 1 was administered to health care personnel through a mailing list maintained by the Heart Failure Society of America (HFSA); another was administered to U.S. medical adult and pediatric heart transplant (HT) program directors. Individual and group e-mails were sent with an embedded link to the respective surveys in February 2022. Results: A total of 176 individuals (8.6%) responded to the survey administered through the HFSA. Of medical directors of transplant programs, 78 (54% response rate) completed a separate survey on their centers' policies. Although 95% (n = 167) of individuals indicated vaccination against COVID-19 should be required prior to HT, only 67% (n = 52) of centers mandated that practice. Similarly, 61% of individuals thought vaccination should be required prior to HT for caregivers, but only 13% of transplant centers mandated caregiver vaccination. Of the centers, 63% reported considering donors despite histories of recent COVID-19 infection (within 3 months), and 47% considered donors with current positive polymerase chain reaction tests. Regarding post-transplant care, only 22% of programs routinely measured antibodies to COVID-19, and 71% used tixagevimab/cilgavimab (Evusheld) for pre-exposure prophylaxis. Conclusions: There were significant differences between individual preferences and centers' practices with respect to COVID-19 management of candidates for and recipients of HT. Additionally, there was wide variation in policies among centers, reflecting the need for further study to inform consistent guidance and recommendations across centers to optimize equitable care for this high-risk patient population.
  • Nociceptive signaling through transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 is regulated by Cyclin Dependent Kinase 5-mediated phosphorylation of T407 in vivo.

    Cho, Andrew; Hall, Bradford E; Limaye, Advait S; Wang, Sheng; Chung, Man-Kyo; Kulkarni, Ashok B (SAGE Publications Inc., 2022-04)
    Cyclin dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) is a key neuronal kinase whose activity can modulate thermo-, mechano-, and chemo-nociception. Cdk5 can modulate nociceptor firing by phosphorylating pain transducing ion channels like the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1), a thermoreceptor that is activated by noxious heat, acidity, and capsaicin. TRPV1 is phosphorylated by Cdk5 at threonine-407 (T407), which then inhibits Ca2+ dependent desensitization. To explore the in vivo implications of Cdk5-mediated TRPV1 phosphorylation on pain perception, we engineered a phospho-null mouse where we replaced T407 with alanine (T407A). The T407A point mutation did not affect the expression of TRPV1 in nociceptors of the dorsal root ganglia and trigeminal ganglia (TG). However, behavioral tests showed that the TRPV1T407A knock-in mice have reduced aversion to oral capsaicin along with a trend towards decreased facial displays of pain after a subcutaneous injection of capsaicin into the vibrissal pad. In addition, the TRPV1T407A mice display basal thermal hypoalgesia with increased paw withdrawal latency while tested on a hot plate. These results indicate that phosphorylation of TRPV1 by Cdk5 can have important consequences on pain perception, as loss of the Cdk5 phosphorylation site reduced capsaicin- and heat-evoked pain behaviors in mice.
  • Refractory Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma Responsive to Combination Venetoclax and Bortezomib (Velcade) (V) Therapy.

    Roche, Kyle C; DeRosa, Peter A; Liu, Min-Ling; Nava, Victor E; Aggarwal, Anita (MDPI AG, 2022-06-06)
    Standard treatment regimens for the management of patients with refractory splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL) are currently unavailable. Here, we report a case of SMZL, which, after failing multiple therapeutics, demonstrated an impressive clinical response to combined Venetoclax and Velcade (V2), a treatment combination currently being investigated in the setting of refractory multiple myeloma. We also report a unique histopathology and mutational profile that may have important implications for the characterization and prognosis of SMZL.
  • Genome Sequencing in the Parkinson Disease Clinic.

    Hill, Emily J; Robak, Laurie A; Al-Ouran, Rami; Deger, Jennifer; Fong, Jamie C; Vandeventer, Paul Jerrod; Schulman, Emily; Rao, Sindhu; Saade, Hiba; Savitt, Joseph M; et al. (Wolters Kluwer Health, 2022-06-09)
    In 203 subjects with PD (age = 63 years, 67% male), genome sequencing was performed and filtered using a custom panel, including 49 genes associated with PD, parkinsonism, or related disorders, as well as a 90-variant PD genetic risk score. Based on the results, 231 patients (age = 67 years, 63% male) were surveyed on interest in genetic testing and responses to vignettes covering (1) familial risk of PD (LRRK2); (2) risk of PD dementia (GBA); (3) PD genetic risk score; and (4) secondary, medically actionable variants (BRCA1).
  • Pharmacometabolomics of clopidogrel: Determining the genetic and metabolic contributors to clopidogrel response

    Bromberek, Sarah Katherine; Beitelshees, Amber L. (2021)
    Clopidogrel is a commonly prescribed antiplatelet drug and there is considerable variability in response. The PAPI study was conducted in 687 individuals to determine the genetic predictors of clopidogrel response. Targeted metabolomic profiling of 42 amines was performed in a subset of 198 PAPI subjects with genetics data available. We identified the metabolic signature of clopidogrel and determined metabolites associated with clopidogrel-induced changes in platelet reactivity. We found tyrosine was most significantly changed after exposure to clopidogrel, and BCAAs baseline levels were associated with clopidogrel-induced changes in platelet aggregation. Gaining insights into factors that influence variability in antiplatelet response is important for identifying novel antiplatelet mechanisms or biomarkers for predicting response. These findings can have long-term implications toward advancing precision medicine in antiplatelet therapy.

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